Gastritis is a disease of the stomach in which the mucous membrane is damaged and the organ completely stops digesting the incoming food. One of the reasons that lead to the development of gastritis is an unhealthy diet. Therefore, one of the components of gastritis treatment is nutritional therapy.
General rules. Duration of the diet.
The diet for chronic gastritis should be followed even in the case of prolonged remission. In nutrition with gastritis, you must adhere to certain rules:
- Meals must be at the same time.
- Meals should be divided 5-6 times a day.
- Dishes must be hot.
- You cannot overeat.
- It is necessary to exclude foods that irritate the mucous membrane.
- Chew your food well while eating.
- You can't eat while running.
- The last meal is 2-3 hours before bedtime.
- Separate food and water intake times. You can drink it 30 minutes after eating.
Nutrition for gastritis during an exacerbation:
With an exacerbation of gastritis, it is necessary to start following a diet when the first symptoms of the disease appear. To get rid of pain and other unpleasant symptoms of the disease, you must strictly adhere to the rules of nutrition. The diet must be nutritionally balanced.
On the first day of exacerbation of gastritis, you should refrain from taking any food. Be sure to drink still water or not hot herbal teas. The products are introduced gradually, as the symptoms of gastritis diminish. It is necessary to follow a diet for several weeks, even if the symptoms of the disease have long since disappeared.
Realize! With an exacerbation of the disease, spa treatment is contraindicated - it is better to go to a hospital.
If you have a chronic form, you need to take preventive treatment regularly.
Nutrition for chronic gastritis:
Nutrition for chronic gastritis of the stomach should be varied and healthy. There should be no food on the table that irritates the lining of the stomach.
In chronic gastritis with high acidity, the diet must be followed very strictly. It is very important to exclude from the diet foods that provoke the release of excess gastric juice. These are fried, spicy, salty foods, indigestible foods, and a large number of spices.
In chronic gastritis with low acidity with the help of food, on the contrary, it is necessary to stimulate the production of gastric juice. Preference should be given to semi-liquid and pureed dishes. In small quantities, the use of acidic foods (fermented milk, sour berries and fruits) is allowed.
Types of diets:
There are varieties of diets for gastritis.
The diet depends on the type of disease (high / low acidity) and the course of gastritis (acute or chronic form.
In case of gastritis with low acidity, it is recommended to stick to table number 2, which includes sokogonic products.
For gastritis with high acidity, diet number 1 and its varieties are recommended. With exacerbation, Table 1A is prescribed for 7-10 days with a gradual transition to Table 1B.
List of approved products:
|Cereals and cereals||Rice, oats, buckwheat, semolina|
|Vegetables||Zucchini, cauliflower, pumpkin, potatoes, carrots, beets|
|Dairy products||Cream, milk, cottage cheese, butter|
|Meat||Beef, veal, rabbit, chicken, turkey|
|Drinks without alcohol||Apricot juice, carrot juice, pumpkin juice, rosehip decoction, dried fruit compote, mineral water|
List of products totally or partially limited:
|Vegetables||Cucumbers, pickled cucumbers, cabbage, sauerkraut, onions, legumes, spinach, sorrel, horseradish|
|Porridge and cereals||Corn, pearl barley, barley, millet grains|
|desserts||Ice cream, sweets, cakes, baked goods.|
|Dairy products||Kefir, sour cream, yogurt|
|Meat products||Pork, ham, sausages, sausages, sausages, jerky, smoked|
|Drinks without alcohol||Tea, kvass, carbonated drinks, fruit drinks|
|Berries||Any raw berry|
Food menu for gastritis. Diet.
Diet with gastritis of the stomach allows you to achieve a long-term remission. It is necessary to observe medical nutrition for gastritis of the stomach for at least 3 months. It is necessary to completely exclude from the diet any broth, fried food, pickled and canned food. It is recommended to completely abandon the consumption of mushrooms, onions, legumes as difficult to digest food products. Mayonnaise, tomato sauce, vinegar, spices and sauces are also prohibited.
Diet recipes for gastritis:
Food for gastritis should be varied and nutritious. A well-formed menu allows you to provide the body with all the necessary nutrients.
Sample menu for the day:
Buttered buckwheat oatmeal porridge. Rosehip decoction.
Steamed omelette. Baked sweet apple.
Vegetable soup with rice. Steamed chicken souffle with mashed potatoes. Compote.
Lazy meatballs. Kissel.
Cod fillet with pumpkin puree. The juice.
Warm milk no more than 200 ml.
Following a gastritis diet allows you to achieve a faster recovery and avoid possible relapses and complications.
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